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Satirical magazine avatars, mascots, characters, and personifications

Krokodil's red crocodile functioned as a symbol for the magazine, but also a character in some of its images and the imagined editor of the publication. Other magazines had/have similar avatars. I'm interested in whether any scholarly study has considered this phenomenon.

Punch magazine's Mr Punch.


Simplicissimus's bulldog


Private Eye's knight


Krokodil's red crocodile


Comments

  1. Do we know why did the magazine chose a croc as their symbol? Do crocs have a special meaning to Russians? Last time I check, there are no crocs in Russia.

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Krokodil 1952: 11, p.1

Krokodil and Russian folklore

Krokodil cartoons very often employed folkloric characters and themes. Soviet graphic satire owed much to pre-revolutionary popular prints, and in some cases, Krokodil images were composed in the graphic style of Russian folk arts. In other cartoons, Soviet satirical commentary was enacted by Russian folk tale characters.
Russian folk characters were thus reimagined in a modern satirical context, and the combination of discourses created unique visions of both old and new. Stalinist folklore/'fakelore' (Dorson 1950) co-opted folk heroes in the service of the Soviet state, but Krokodil's use of these characters was satirical and thus markedly different.

Ded Moroz and Snegoruchka also commonly appeared in Soviet satire, celebrating the turn of the New Year, or warning about the change in seasons.

Countless cartoons visualised anthropomorphised animals, but a number of images also referred to less famous Russian folk tales.

Perhaps the most frequent appearances were made by …